Stove and fuel
Improved cookstove (forced draft)
Non-traditional, Household, Fan
Sun-dried hardwood of Acacia species used. Two additional experiments were carried out for each stove using a combination of wood, pigeon pea crop residues, and cattle dung in a 2:1:1 ratio to reflect mixed fuels in their every day usage.
Fuel moisture content
Fuel net calorific value
Mean BC value of 78 ± 40 μg m−3, reduced BC concentration by 77% compared to baseline stoves.
University of California, San Diego
Number of replicate tests
Kar, Abhishek, Ibrahim H. Rehman, Jennifer Burney, S. Praveen Puppala, Ramasubramanyaiyer Suresh, Lokendra Singh, Vivek K. Singh, Tanveer Ahmed, Nithya Ramanathan, and Veerabhadran Ramanathan. (2012). Real-Time Assessment of Black Carbon Pollution in Indian Households Due to Traditional and Improved Biomass Cookstoves. Environmental Science and Technology 46: 2993−3000.
Test result IWA tiers of performance
High power CO
Low power CO
High power PM 2.5
Low power PM 2.5
High power thermal efficiency
Low power specific consumption
High power indoor CO
Low power indoor CO
High power indoor PM 2.5
Low power indoor PM 2.5